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History of Bajang Ratu temple

History of Bajang Ratu temple

Queen’s Gate is located in Hamlet Bajang Palace, Temon Village, District Trowulan, District. Mojokerto, East Java Province, with the direction toward the northeast and located at an altitude of ± 41.49 meters above sea level.

Building Description
Gate Bajang Queen is a building shaped gate ‘pradakursa’ arch and a gate with a roof that blends (a roof). Its main ingredients are the bricks, except the floor staircase and doorway (bottom and top) gate made of andesite stone. Plan rectangular building, measuring 11.20 x 6.7 meters, with a high of 16, 10 meters, has come out with a wide entrance hallway 1.40 meters. Overall, Queen’s Gate Bajang consists of the parent with the structure of the legs, body and roof. In addition, Arch Bajang Queen have wings and the wall on either side of its parts adorned with reliefs.
At the corners of each foot arch are panels that are on the front decorated with reliefs fragment of the story of Sri Tanjung (the situation already looks worn and some are deliberately destroyed).
Decoration on the first panel (vaguely) in the form of two men stood surrounded by tendrils alleged portrayal of a man and woman (Sidapaksa and Sri Tanjung.)
The second panel there is the depiction of fish at the top there are ornaments resembling grass hump in the middle of the water ripples. People think these reliefs is the scorpion that six-legged animal with sengatnya (however, a search team will Discourse Nusantara particularly Hindu mythology, animals, scorpions do not exist in Hindu mythology). In the third panel depicted a woman riding a fish carved relief similar to the previous (second panel).
Relief on the fourth panel depicts a woman with the position of looking back, the source for which we have provided an explanation that the carvings on these reliefs is the part where Sri Tanjung after arriving to the gate there are natural performers baka.Pada wing fragment decorated with reliefs of Ramayana, depicting two people who are fight. One of them suffered defeat his body trampled by the enemy in the form of a monkey. Big losers and big-headed.
Frames on either side of the entrance stands a sculpture of a long eared animals with spiral-shaped tail rolls rose to the top. Roll this sucker was not completed in a chisel. Most of the frame is still plain or given a scratch design. On the top floor of a pair of pedestals inscribed with two holes which leaves the door hinge door opens inward. The viewer-viewer gate decorated with seam down the middle seam and the seam of each carved with flower arrangements or long rhombus decoration, there is some unfinished seam carving.
The roof of many decorated with sculptures, small sculptures that look beautiful and unique, each two layers of roof punctuated by a row of towers are solid and continuous with the next roof level. Ornate tower consists of three levels. The two lowest layers of the roof which were bare or may have been damaged.
Two-tier to two each decorated:
§ Head of kala in the middle with a pair of long fangs that are similar to a pair of thorns like a cheek when Candi Jago.
§ Relief sun rays.
The left side or right side of the head when flanked by two animals who stand face to face, but it has a head of time. We obtain similar relief is also on the Temple Jago. System sculptures of animals or other creatures are depicted facing toward the center.
Relief Radiating sun rays.
The sun is a change in shape of the head at the time. In the third layer or decorated with reliefs of the head or perhaps a carved eagle head tilt. Relief is located at the middle and upper corners. Kala heads are in the middle flanked by a pair of animals such as the motifs found on the Temple Panataran.

Two layers of the four decorated with a round shape like a snail, both in the middle or at the corner of the roof. Decoration on the roof level below the roof peak of geometric decoration and flower petals, while the top of the roof itself ornate like corm.

Bajang Queen in History
Bajang Queen is expected to be built around the 13th century until the 14th century AD. Queen Bajang name was first found in Oudheidkundig Versalag (OV) in 1915, which states that the building had been repaired with reinforcement at the corners by filling out the spec of your PC and fine sand mixture on the nat-nat is tenuous. Long before that, people around Trowulan has called it. Bajang means small / dwarf, as well as Pabajangan word that means the child’s grave.

According to local residents said, Gate Bajang Queen is a building that was built to commemorate Jayanegara as Crown Prince in the womb during the Majapahit which he has been crowned the Kumaraja (Viceroy). Another opinion states that the gate was built to commemorate Queen Bajang a crown prince during the Majapahit in the womb has become the King (determined to be King Substitute) but the crown of the baby later died at birth and failed to become the King (Queen).

In Pararaton explained that Jayanegara died in 1328 AD The text reads: “sira dhinarmeng Kapopongan, bhisekering cranggapura, pratistaning antawulan.” The word cranggapura in Pararaton estimated with Cri Ranggapura in Nagarakertagama, sedangan Antarwulan (Trowulan) equals Antarisasi. Thus, on this basis it can be said that the dharma (sacred place) located in King Jayanegara Kapopongan aka Cri Cranggapura or Ranggapura. Pratistanya (shrine) is in Antarwulan / Antarisasi or Trowulan.

Jayanegara (Kalagement) was the King of Majapahit who ruled between the years 1309-1328 AD He was the son of Kertarajasa with Dyah Sri Tribhuwaneswari. In a framed inscription Taharu Caka year 1245 (1323 AD), Jayanegara disebtukan by name Cri Sundara Pandyadewadhiswara glass. At the time his father still reigned in the year 1218 namely S (1296 AD), he was crowned Viceroy (Kumararaja) with the name of Sri Jayanegara abhiseka. This may be something to do with the name Bajang Queen, which was crowned when he was still “bajang” so clearly the Queen (King) when he was ‘bajang’ or Queen or Bajang Bajang and Queen became the name attached to it.

It can be concluded regarding the description above, the function of Queen’s Gate Bajang suspected as the entrance to a sacred building (commemorates the death of Jayanegara) mentioned that in Negarakretagama back into the world of Vishnu. These allegations led to the relief fragment Sri Tanjung and relief fragments that have a series of Ramayana as a symbol meaning the release / death.
Bajang Queen’s Gate has been restored since 1985/1986 to 1991/1992. Its restoration is part of the activities of the project of refurbishment / maintenance of the former capital of Majapahit in Trowulan.

 
 
 
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