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History of Bajang Ratu temple

History of Bajang Ratu temple

Queen’s Gate is located in Hamlet Bajang Palace, Temon Village, District Trowulan, District. Mojokerto, East Java Province, with the direction toward the northeast and located at an altitude of ± 41.49 meters above sea level.

Building Description
Gate Bajang Queen is a building shaped gate ‘pradakursa’ arch and a gate with a roof that blends (a roof). Its main ingredients are the bricks, except the floor staircase and doorway (bottom and top) gate made of andesite stone. Plan rectangular building, measuring 11.20 x 6.7 meters, with a high of 16, 10 meters, has come out with a wide entrance hallway 1.40 meters. Overall, Queen’s Gate Bajang consists of the parent with the structure of the legs, body and roof. In addition, Arch Bajang Queen have wings and the wall on either side of its parts adorned with reliefs.
At the corners of each foot arch are panels that are on the front decorated with reliefs fragment of the story of Sri Tanjung (the situation already looks worn and some are deliberately destroyed).
Decoration on the first panel (vaguely) in the form of two men stood surrounded by tendrils alleged portrayal of a man and woman (Sidapaksa and Sri Tanjung.)
The second panel there is the depiction of fish at the top there are ornaments resembling grass hump in the middle of the water ripples. People think these reliefs is the scorpion that six-legged animal with sengatnya (however, a search team will Discourse Nusantara particularly Hindu mythology, animals, scorpions do not exist in Hindu mythology). In the third panel depicted a woman riding a fish carved relief similar to the previous (second panel).
Relief on the fourth panel depicts a woman with the position of looking back, the source for which we have provided an explanation that the carvings on these reliefs is the part where Sri Tanjung after arriving to the gate there are natural performers baka.Pada wing fragment decorated with reliefs of Ramayana, depicting two people who are fight. One of them suffered defeat his body trampled by the enemy in the form of a monkey. Big losers and big-headed.
Frames on either side of the entrance stands a sculpture of a long eared animals with spiral-shaped tail rolls rose to the top. Roll this sucker was not completed in a chisel. Most of the frame is still plain or given a scratch design. On the top floor of a pair of pedestals inscribed with two holes which leaves the door hinge door opens inward. The viewer-viewer gate decorated with seam down the middle seam and the seam of each carved with flower arrangements or long rhombus decoration, there is some unfinished seam carving.
The roof of many decorated with sculptures, small sculptures that look beautiful and unique, each two layers of roof punctuated by a row of towers are solid and continuous with the next roof level. Ornate tower consists of three levels. The two lowest layers of the roof which were bare or may have been damaged.
Two-tier to two each decorated:
§ Head of kala in the middle with a pair of long fangs that are similar to a pair of thorns like a cheek when Candi Jago.
§ Relief sun rays.
The left side or right side of the head when flanked by two animals who stand face to face, but it has a head of time. We obtain similar relief is also on the Temple Jago. System sculptures of animals or other creatures are depicted facing toward the center.
Relief Radiating sun rays.
The sun is a change in shape of the head at the time. In the third layer or decorated with reliefs of the head or perhaps a carved eagle head tilt. Relief is located at the middle and upper corners. Kala heads are in the middle flanked by a pair of animals such as the motifs found on the Temple Panataran.

Two layers of the four decorated with a round shape like a snail, both in the middle or at the corner of the roof. Decoration on the roof level below the roof peak of geometric decoration and flower petals, while the top of the roof itself ornate like corm.

Bajang Queen in History
Bajang Queen is expected to be built around the 13th century until the 14th century AD. Queen Bajang name was first found in Oudheidkundig Versalag (OV) in 1915, which states that the building had been repaired with reinforcement at the corners by filling out the spec of your PC and fine sand mixture on the nat-nat is tenuous. Long before that, people around Trowulan has called it. Bajang means small / dwarf, as well as Pabajangan word that means the child’s grave.

According to local residents said, Gate Bajang Queen is a building that was built to commemorate Jayanegara as Crown Prince in the womb during the Majapahit which he has been crowned the Kumaraja (Viceroy). Another opinion states that the gate was built to commemorate Queen Bajang a crown prince during the Majapahit in the womb has become the King (determined to be King Substitute) but the crown of the baby later died at birth and failed to become the King (Queen).

In Pararaton explained that Jayanegara died in 1328 AD The text reads: “sira dhinarmeng Kapopongan, bhisekering cranggapura, pratistaning antawulan.” The word cranggapura in Pararaton estimated with Cri Ranggapura in Nagarakertagama, sedangan Antarwulan (Trowulan) equals Antarisasi. Thus, on this basis it can be said that the dharma (sacred place) located in King Jayanegara Kapopongan aka Cri Cranggapura or Ranggapura. Pratistanya (shrine) is in Antarwulan / Antarisasi or Trowulan.

Jayanegara (Kalagement) was the King of Majapahit who ruled between the years 1309-1328 AD He was the son of Kertarajasa with Dyah Sri Tribhuwaneswari. In a framed inscription Taharu Caka year 1245 (1323 AD), Jayanegara disebtukan by name Cri Sundara Pandyadewadhiswara glass. At the time his father still reigned in the year 1218 namely S (1296 AD), he was crowned Viceroy (Kumararaja) with the name of Sri Jayanegara abhiseka. This may be something to do with the name Bajang Queen, which was crowned when he was still “bajang” so clearly the Queen (King) when he was ‘bajang’ or Queen or Bajang Bajang and Queen became the name attached to it.

It can be concluded regarding the description above, the function of Queen’s Gate Bajang suspected as the entrance to a sacred building (commemorates the death of Jayanegara) mentioned that in Negarakretagama back into the world of Vishnu. These allegations led to the relief fragment Sri Tanjung and relief fragments that have a series of Ramayana as a symbol meaning the release / death.
Bajang Queen’s Gate has been restored since 1985/1986 to 1991/1992. Its restoration is part of the activities of the project of refurbishment / maintenance of the former capital of Majapahit in Trowulan.

 
 

History of Tikus Temple

The temple is situated in the hamlet Dinuk tukus Temon Village, District Trowulan, Mojokerto regency, East Java. This temple sized X28 29.5, overall height 25 meters and 5.2 meters. Rat temple name is taken from historical discovery when it was first discovered there was found a lot of mice, rats and pests are attacking villages in the surrounding farms. First discovered in 1914 and then carried out the restoration in 1983-1986.

According to some sources say that the temple is a replica or symbol Rat Mahameru. Rat Temple This temple is called for, when found in a place that prey on rats nest of rice farmers
In the middle are the Rat Temple miniature four small temples are considered to represent Mount Mahameru dwelling place of the gods and the source of all life in the form of water flowing from pancuran-pancuran/jaladwara found along the foot of the temple. Water is regarded as holy water AMRTA, that is the source of all life.
Architectural building symbolizes the sanctity of Mount Mahameru as bersemayamnya place of the gods. According to Hindu belief, Mount Mahameru is where the water source Tirta Amrita or water of life, which is believed to have magical powers and can provide well-being, from the myth of water flowing in the Rat Temple Mount considered to originate from Mahameru.
Mount Meru is a sacred mountain that is considered as the center of the universe that has a foundation of trust cosmogony would be the existence of a harmony between the world of the world (microcosm) and the universe (macrocosm). According to the Hindu conception, the universe consists of a continent called Jambudwipa center surrounded by seven seas and seven mainland and are all limited by a high mountain. So Very probably the Rat Temple is a sacred petirtaan by Hindus and Buddhists, and also as a regulator of the water discharge at the time of Majapahit.

Source in http://mojokerto-blog.blogspot.com/2007/11/candi-tikus.html

 
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Posted by on May 17, 2011 in History Of Tikus Temple

 

History of Brahu temple

After the king died S’ri Kerta-state, empire-ri Singhasa under the authority of the king Jayakatwang from Kadiri. One of the descendants of the ruling Singhasa-ri, namely Raden Wijaya, then tried to retake control of his fathers. He is a descendant of Ken Angrok, king Singha first-sa-ri and children from Dyah Le (Mbu Tal. It is also known by another name, namely Nararyya Sanggramawijaya. According to historical sources, Raden Wijaya was actually in-law to (rtana-gara are still counted nephew. Book Pararaton mentioned that he married the king’s two children at once, but the book of Na-gamma-garakerta mention but instead of two to four daughters (all married rtana-gara. At the time of attack Singhasa Jayakatwang-ri, Raden Wijaya was ordered to defend the capital in the north. The defeat suffered by Singhasa-ri cause Raden Wijaya seek shelter to a village called Kudadu, tired of being chased by enemy troops remaining twelve people live. Thanks to the help of village head Kudadu, Raden Wijaya troupe to cross the sea to Madura and there obtain protection from Aryya Wiraraja, a regent on the island. Thanks to the help Aryya Wiraraja, Raden Wijaya then to return to Java and accepted by the king Jayakatwang. Not long after he was given a forest area in Te (pulled to be opened into the village, with a pretext for anticipate enemy attacks from the north of the river Brantas. Thanks to the help Aryya Wiraraja he then founded a new village which was named Majapahit. In this village is Raden Wijaya then lead and gather strength, especially people who are loyal to the deceased Kertanegara from areas Daha and Tumapel. Aryya Wiraraja own troops prepare to help Raden Wijaya Madura when the time is needed. Rupaya he was less like the king Jayakatwang.

Not unexpected that in the year 1293 the arrival of Java, sent troops from China by Kubhilai Khan to punish for contempt Singhasa-ri who never received his envoy in the year 1289. This large amount of troops after a stop in Belitung Island for several months and then enter through the Java Brantas river to go directly to Daha. Arrival is known by Raden Wijaya, he asked for permission to join the Chinese troops who accepted with joy. Incursion into Daha made from land and river that runs fierce throughout the morning until noon. Combined forces of China and Raden Wijaya 5,000 soldiers managed to destroy Daha. With the power of living a half, Jayakatwang retreat to refuge in the fort. In the afternoon, realizing that he no longer possible to maintain Daha, Jayakatwang out of the fort and gave himself for later taken prisoner by Chinese troops.

Escorted by two officers and 200 Chinese troops, Raden Wijaya back to the Majapahit requested permission to prepare a tribute to the emperor Khubilai Khan. But by using trickery both officers and the bodyguards successfully destroyed by Raden Wijaya. In fact he turned Majapahit led troops invaded the remaining Chinese troops who do not realize that Raden Wijaya will act that way. Three thousand members of the royal troops of the Chinese Yuan is to be destroyed by the troops of Majapahit, the rest fled from out of Java, leaving many casualties. Finally, the ideals of Raden Wijaya to drop Daha and reply to Jayakatwang hurt can be realized by making use of foreign troops. He then proclaimed the founding of a new kingdom called Majapahit. In 1215 Raden Wijaya the first king was crowned with the title S’ri Go (rtara Jayawardhana-services. The four children Kertanegara made empress with a degree S’ri Parames’wari Dyah Goddess Tribhu-wanes’wari, S’ri Dyah Goddess Maha-goddess Narendraduhita-, S’ri Jayendradewi Dyah-Goddess Prajnya-perfections, and Ra-jendradewi S’ri Dyah Goddess Gayatri. From Tribhu-wanes’wari he obtained a son named Jayanagara as crown prince who ruled in Kadiri. From Gayatri he obtained two daughters, Tribhu-wanottunggadewi Jayawisnuwardhani based in Jiwana (Kahuripan) and Ra-ra-jadewi Oft-services in Daha. Raden Wijaya was still married to a wife again, this time coming from Jambi in Sumatra named Dara Petak and have children of her Kalage named (me (t. Another woman who also came with Dara Dara Petak namely Orange, diperisteri by relatives of the king holding the title ‘god’ and has a son named Lord Janaka, who were later known as Adhityawarman, king Malay kingdom in Sumatra . The arrival of two women of Jambi is the result of diplomacy conducted by The friendship yaang (rtana-thanks to the king of Jambi Malay together to stem the influence of Kubhilai Khan. On the basis of a sense of friendship is the king of Malay, S’rimat Tribhu-Vanara-ja Mauliwarmadewa, sent two relatives to marry the king Singhasa-ri. From the historical record is known that Dara Orange is not welcome to stay in Majapahit and finally went back to his hometown.

Raden Wijaya died in 1309 was replaced by Jayana-gara. As at the end of his reign, the reign of King Jayana-gara many rebellions undermined by people who previously helped Raden Wijaya established Majapahit kingdom. Seizing the influence and betrayal caused a lot of heroes who made a large contribution eventually branded as enemies of the kingdom. At first Jayana-gara also influenced by incitement Maha-starch into the dispute culprit, but then he realized this mistake and ordered the guards to punish the dead person’s belief. In such a situation appears a soldier who was intelligent and brave named Gajah Mada. He emerged as the man who succeeded mamadamkan Kuti rebellion, when his position at that time only existed as the guardian of the king (be (to (l bhayangka-ri). His skills and diplomatic maneuver in the future will bring Gajah Mada in very high positions in government ranks Majapahit kingdom, which is as Mahamantri kingdom.

During Jayana’s the relationship with China back to recover. Trade between the two countries are rising and many Chinese who settled in Majapahit. Jayana’s the rule about 11 years, in 1328 he was killed by tabibnya named Tanca for doing oblique with his wife. Tanca later executed by Gajah Mada.

Because no son, the leadership of Majapahit eventually taken over by the younger sister named Jayawisnuwarddhani Jayana-gara, otherwise known as Bhre Kahuripan according to the region governed by him before becoming queen. But the insurgency in the country’s ongoing cause of Majapahit was always in a state of war. One of them is rebellion Sade (ng and Keta in 1331 brought back the name of Gajah Mada to the surface. Both can be quenched with absolute victory on the part of Majapahit. After this celebration, Gajah Mada Mahapatih utter the famous oath, that he would not before bow area amukti palapa areas in the archipelago, such as the Desert (on Borneo), Seran (?), Tanjungpura (Borneo), Haru (Maluku?), Pahang (Malaysia), Dompo (Sumbawa), Balinese, Sundanese (West Java), Palembang (Sumatra) , and Tumasik (Singapore). To prove his vow, in the year 1343 he succeeded ditundukan Bali.

Queen Jayawisnuwaddhani reigned long enough, 22 years before resigning and being replaced by his son Hayam Wuruk from his marriage to Cakradhara, ruler of the Singha-sari. Hayam Wuruk crowned as king in 1350 with a degree S’ri Rajasana-gara. Gajah Mada still serve as Patih Hamangkubhu-mi (maha-governor), who had gained while serving the mother of the king. In this reign of Hayam Wuruk Majapahit reached top greatness. Gajah Mada’s ambitions to subjugate the archipelago achieve results at this time so that the perceived influence of Majapahit power to Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Maluku, to Papua. But the new West Java can be conquered in the year 1357 through a war, known as Bubat event, namely when the wedding plans between Dyah Pitaloka-, daughter of the king Pajajaran, with Hayam Wuruk turn into open warfare on the ground Bubat, namely a square in the capital of the kingdom The royal party campsite. As a result of the battle was Dyah Pitaloka-suicide that caused the political marriage of two kingdoms on the island of Java has failed. Pararaton book stated that after the incident Hayam Wuruk hold a big ceremony to honor the Sundanese people who died in the incident. It should be noted at the same time bring the kingdom of Majapahit in fact also is conducting eskpedisi to Dompo (Padompo) led by a senior named Nala.

After the event Bubat, Maha-vizier Gajah Mada resigned from his post due to old age, while Hayam Wuruk finally married his own cousin named Pa-S’ori grief, children from Bhre We (ngke (r is still counted her aunt.

Under the rule Hayam Wuruk Majapahit kingdom into an empire strong, both in economic and political. Hayam Wuruk ordered the creation of dams and water channels for irrigation purposes and flood control. A number of river ports were made for easy transport and loading and unloading of goods. Fourteen years after he ruled, Maha-vizier Gajah Mada died in the year 1364. Office of governor-mi Hamangkubhu unfilled for three years before being appointed Hayam Wuruk Elephant Enggon fill that position. Unfortunately not much information about the Elephant Enggon in any inscriptions or texts, which can reveal the Majapahit period terjangnya football.

King Hayam Wuruk died in 1389. Son-which is also his own niece named Wikramawarddhana ascended the throne as king, it was not Kusumawarddhani which is a direct lineage from Hayam Wuruk. He ruled for twelve years before resigning as pastor. Before he abdicated menujuk daughter, Suhita become queen. It is not approved by Bhre Wirabhu-mi, son Hayam Wuruk of a concubine who wants the throne from his nephew. This power struggle led to a civil war known as the War Pare (gre (g. Bhre Wirabhumi originally obtained kemenanggan finally had to flee after Bhre Tumape (l to intervene to help the Suhita. Bhre Wirabhu-mi defeated eventually even killed by Raden Elephant. Family dispute brings an undying grudge. A few years after the murder of Bhre Wirabhu-mi now turn Raden Elephants were sentenced to death for being found guilty of killing these nobles.

Suhita died in 1477, and because they do not have children then his position was replaced by his younger brother, Bhre Tumape (l Dyah Go (rtawijaya. Not long he ruled Bhre Pamotan replaced by Ra-jasawardhana S’ri title which is also only a three-year reign. Even Majapahit kingdom between the years 1453-1456 do not have a king was due to conflicts within the family that the more tapered. The situation eased slightly when Dyah Su-ryawikrama Giris’awardhana ascended the throne. He was not long in control of the kingdom because after that the struggle for power back berkecambuk. Thus power alternated several times from year 1466 till the year 1500. The news Chinese, Italian, and Portuguese is still the name of Majapahit in 1499 without mentioning the name of the king. The widespread influence of the small kingdom of Demak on the north coast of Java who embraced Islam, is one cause of the collapse of the Majapahit kingdom. In 1522 the Majapahit no longer referred to as a kingdom but rather a city. Government on the island of Java has been switched to Demak under the reign of the Duke of Unus, the son of Raden Patah, the founder of the kingdom of Demak are still descendants Bhre Kertabhu-mi . He destroyed the Majapahit because you want to reply to hurt her grandmother who had defeated the king Girindrawarddhana Dyah Ranawijaya. So then in 1478 destroyed the kingdom of Majapahit as a ruler of the archipelago and changed satusnya as areas conquered king of Demak. Ended mastery is also a series of Hindu kings in East Java started by Keng Angrok when establishing the kingdom of Singha-sari, replaced by a new form of empire-style Islam.

Ironically, family disputes and ongoing grudge cause the collapse of this kingdom, not caused by the invasion of other nations who occupied the island of Java.

(Source: http://www.mojokerto.info. Excerpted from the Indonesian National History Volume II, 1984, pages 420-445, published by PP Balai Pustaka, Jakarta)

 
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Posted by on May 17, 2011 in History of Brahu temple